The formation and development of the placenta is one of these critical pregnancy events. The placenta can help to protect the fetus against certain xenobiotic molecules, infections and maternal diseases. Discarded at birth, the placenta is a highly complex and fascinating organ. It metabolises a number of substances and can release metabolic products into maternal and/or fetal circulations. Definition of the Placenta. The placenta provides oxygen and nutrients to the growing fetus in the uterus of the mother. You breathe, and the oxygen you take in goes to the placenta through your blood. All placentas start at grade zero in early pregnancy. Supplying oxygen and output of co2 is done via simple diffusion (respiratory) and nutrients to the fetus via the umbilical cord (nutritive). Removes harmful waste and carbon dioxide from your baby. However, you can take steps to promote a healthy pregnancy:Visit your health care provider regularly throughout your pregnancy.Work with your health care provider to manage any health conditions, such as high blood pressure.Don't smoke or use drugs.Talk with your doctor about the potential risks before deciding to pursue an elective C-section. Helps protect your baby. The placenta is an ephemeral materno-fetal organ with chorionic (fetal) villi bathed in maternal blood spaces, which allows restricted transfer of metabolites and drugs across specialized transfer areas. It is also responsible for creating a separation between the maternal and fetal circulation (known as placental barrier ). The placenta extracts the oxygen and puts in into your babys blood. The chorion is the embryonic part of the placenta. Harmful substances such as nicotine from cigarette and addictive drugs such as heroin can pass through placenta. The syncytiotrophoblast (otherwise known as syncytium), thereby contributes to the barrier function of the placenta. The placenta is arguably the most important organ of the body, but paradoxically the most poorly understood. The three main functions of the placenta are metabolism, exchange of gaseous and waste products between the maternal and fetal circulation and production of hormones.1 Metabolism The placenta is able to synthesize glycogen, protein, cholesterol and fatty acids. During its transient existence, it performs actions that are later taken on by diverse separate organs, including the lungs, liver, gut, kidneys and endocrine glands.

Abstract. Some of the main functions that the placenta performs include (1)(3): Respiratory, excretory, nutritive, endocrine, barrier function, immunological function. provides oxygen and nutrients to your growing baby and removes waste products from your baby's blood. The placenta is a highly-specialized organ that plays an essential role during pregnancy. The placenta is a flattened circular organ in the uterus of pregnant mammals that nourishes and maintains the fetus Cleveland Clinic is a non-profit academic medical center. As pregnancy progresses, the placenta matures and calcifies. It is responsible for providing nutrition and oxygen to the fetus as well as removing waste material and carbon dioxide. 7. If the placenta does not come off by itself, the following tricks can help:The child is put on for breastfeeding.The midwife pulls the umbilical cord lightly.The midwife massages the uterusmanual stimulation of the nipplesacupuncturehomeopathic remediesReflexology massages

Produces hormones that help your baby grow. During the course of a pregnancy, it acts as the lungs, gut, kidneys, and liver of the fetus. Functions of the placenta include: Provides your baby with oxygen and nutrients. Viruses and bacteria can pass through placenta. If there is a clearly discernible main lobe and auxiliary lobe, the latter is called a succenturiate placenta. 2016 Jan;32(1):14-43. doi: 10.1016/j such as chromosomal anomalies or pre-eclampsia. The endocrine function of human placenta: an overview Reprod Biomed Online. The placenta is defined as an organ that develops during pregnancy in mammals. Since your baby does not breathe yet, the placenta does this work. Therefore, pregnant women should avoid cigarette and drugs. The placenta is usually described as going through four grades, from 0 (most immature) to III (most mature). Structure of placenta Both maternal and embryonic tissue are found in the placenta. Why Is The Placenta Important? The placenta is your unborn babys life support system and plays a key role in its development. It connects the mother to the fetus through the umbilical cord and carries out the functions your fetus cannot perform by itself (2) . The placenta acts to provide oxygen and nutrients to the fetus, whilst removing carbon dioxide and other waste products.

The placenta also has major endocrine actions that modulate maternal physiology and metabolism and provides a safe and protective milieu in which the fetus can develop. These can be used as sources of energy and nutrients for the fetus. Changes can be seen from 12 weeks onwards. Placenta functions as an efficient barrier (defensive wall) and allows useful: aerials to pass into the Social blood. Passes immunity from you to your baby. Abstract. Consume it via placenta encapsulationHarvest stem cellsMake a placenta salvePlant it in your gardenMake it into jewelryDonate it The first and most important function of placenta is delivering oxygen to your baby, and removing carbon dioxide from used oxygen.